First up: Outlets in the Living Room and Entryway:
Above: Inset into a polished concrete floor, strategically placed floor outlets keep the cords of freestanding lamps to a minimum in the living room
Know electric code restrictions and rules
Step 1: Educate yourself about the requirements and restrictions defined by the International Residential Code, National Electrical Code (NEC), and any local codes. The good news is that the rules focus on the minimum requirements for outlet placement (by number of feet between outlets and from corners, etc.). Those minimums may be exceeded, so you may generally add outlets when necessary.
Above: Symbols used by architects to denote various types of electrical outlets include duplex (two receptacles), floor, and GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupt) outlets, which are used in bathrooms, kitchens, or anywhere water is present.
Assess your living room electrical power needs
Make a careful assessment of how you’re going to use your living room; convenience is crucial, but aesthetics are also important. To reduce the need for unsightly and hazardous extension cords, outlets should be placed as close to their points of use as possible. Here are key questions to drive your outlet placement decisions.
1. What is your furniture layout?
This is an important consideration in living rooms. If you plan to anchor your space with a centrally positioned sofa or seating arrangement, strategically placed floor plugs come in very handy. And don’t forget bookshelf and storage shelf placementâ€”if you have units that back against a wall, you won’t want to block essential outlets.
Above: When Remodelista cofounder Francesca Connolly remodeled her Brooklyn Heights brownstone, she knew she would need power for lamps on either end of her centrally positioned sofa. “It’s best to carefully measure the furniture and placement,” she says. “If there is only one obvious place where the sofa will go, it’s easier. Just center the outlet so you can position a lamp on either end of the sofa and hide the cord underneath; in our case, there’s a small slit in the rug where the cords weave through to the central outlet under the sofa.
Above: Remodelista contributing editor Izabella Simmons went a step further. “We made cardboard templates of our sofas and placed them on the floor to figure out where to plant the outlets [which are dropped into the floor and stay flush],” she says. “It was as simple as that.”
2. Where are your lighting sources?
Will you have lamps on your end tables? Do you have a favorite floor lamp that will stand next to your reading chair but far from a wall? Plan accordingly. Also make sure you have ample outlets positioned along your baseboards.
3. How many outlets do you need? What powered items do you use?
Placement is not just about where but also how many electric outlets are available. It’s easy to underestimate your needs. A console table may house not only a lamp but also a speaker, a phone, and other equipment. A duplex receptacle is too small.
4. Will you have a flat screen or other electronics in your living room?
While their profiles have grown sleeker, TV screens still come with cumbersome cords. Take into account TV placement and make sure you have ample outlets.
Above: Place outlets directly behind where you plan to hang a wall-mounted TV. Recessed outlets are recommended because they sit invisibly behind flush screens, keeping plugs and cords out of sight
5. Do you need electric power in your entryway?
Seattle architect Nils Finne, a member of the Remodelista Architect/Design Directory, designs spaces with his clients’ personal electronics use in mind. “Thinking about how you come and go, and where you use and recharge your personal devices, is essential,” Finne says. Consider outlets for front-entry electric power solutions, including cubbies (outlets can go in the back), credenzas, or outlets inside entry closets.
Above: A built-in entry credenza ; concealed outlets act as convenient charging station for phones.
Above: In-drawer outlets in entry credenzas are convenient for charging personal electronics.
6. Do you decorate for holidays and special events?
Decorating for special events might happen only a few times a year, but don’t leave it out of your electrical outlet planning. Having outlets near mantels, stair railings, and interior archways, for example, makes it easier to hang sparkly lights and electric-powered decorations.